Foliage Large leaves are elongated with smooth margins.
Fruits The dark purple, round fruit is crowned by thick, persistent calyces (the outermost layer of the flower). The thick, fibrous rind protects white, fleshy segments that are arranged like a peeled mandarin orange. The flesh is juicy and sweet with a slightly acidic taste. The number of fleshy segments is proportional to the number of brown to grey, triangular lobes at the bottom of the fruit.
Cultivation It is difficult to cultivate this species for fruit, because seedling mortality rate is high and trees only begin to produce fruits after 8-15 years.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The fruit is best eaten fresh, because processing tends to ruin the flavour. It is sometimes eaten with sherbert or ice cream. The fruit tends to be in season at the same time as Durian. Some Chinese like to eat the fruits together, because they believe mangosteen has a cooling effect, while durian has a heating effect.)
Medicinal ( In many Asian countries, the bark and fruit skin are used to treat diarrhea and dysentery. The rind contains a high concentration of tannin and is also used to treat dysentery. The Malays use a decoction of the roots to treat irregular menstruation. In Indonesia, the bark and leaves are considered astringent and also used to control fever. )
[Others]: The sap of the mangosteen has been used as a black coloring agent to dye silk. It stains fabric and may also linger on your hands for some time as well.